Thursday, August 27, 2020

Primary Healthcare Web Technology Application

Essential Healthcare Web Technology Application Essential medicinal services Dynamic Essential Health Care is focused on helping patients assume responsibility for their wellbeing. This framework is virtual, yet our doctors and their commitment is genuine. Utilizing secure, online innovations gave by Medical Web, our medicinal services suppliers offer exhortation and treatment for an assortment of conditions. Patients can convey safely and secretly with our doctors all through the treatment procedure utilizing our informing framework. As a doctor possessed organization, we are focused on helping our patients get the most extreme consideration and clinical consideration. Essential Health Care conveys quality human services through inventive administrations. Utilizing secure, online advances gave by Medical Web, our doctors give counsel and treatment to an assortment of human services conditions. Our administrations include: Treatment of Non-emanant Conditions Psychological wellness Naturopathic Advice Remedies Doctor Advice Research center Interpretations The entirety of our administrations are given through the Internet in a protected and classified way. A protected correspondence entry is set up between the patient and a Primary human services supplier to permit one-on-one association. Doctors can talk about treatment alternatives with patients and patients can react. By building a confiding in relationship, Primary human services can adequately give an immediate advantage to every single patient. 1.1 INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT Essential social insurance conveys quality human services through inventive administrations. Utilizing secure, electronic advancements gave by Medical Web, our doctors give guidance and treatment to an assortment of social insurance conditions. Our administrations include: Treatment of Non-new Conditions Emotional wellness Naturopathic Advice Remedies Doctor Advice Lab Interpretations The entirety of our administrations are given through the Internet in a safe and secret way. A safe correspondence gateway is set up between the patient and a Primary medicinal services supplier to permit one-on-one connection. Doctors can talk about treatment alternatives with patients and patients can react. By building a confiding in relationship, Primary social insurance can successfully give an immediate advantage to every single patient. Association PROFILE Programming Solutions is an IT arrangement supplier for a powerful situation where business and innovation methodologies merge. Their methodology centers around better approaches for business joining IT advancement and reception while likewise utilizing an associations current IT resources. Their work with huge worldwide partnerships and new items or administrations and to execute reasonable business and innovation procedures in todays condition. Xxxxxxxs RANGE OF EXPERTISE INCLUDES: Programming Development Services Designing Services Frameworks Integration Client Relationship Management Item Development Electronic Commerce Counseling IT Outsourcing We apply innovation with development and obligation to accomplish two wide goals: Adequately address the business gives our clients face today. Create new open doors that will assist them with remaining ahead later on. THIS APPROACH RESTS ON: A procedure where we draftsman, coordinate and oversee innovation administrations and arrangements we call it AIM for progress. A powerful seaward improvement strategy and diminished interest on client assets. An attention on the utilization of reusable systems to give cost and times benefits. They consolidate the best individuals, procedures and innovation to accomplish amazing outcomes consistency. We offer clients the upsides of: SPEED: They comprehend the significance of timing, of arriving before the opposition. A rich arrangement of reusable, particular structures enables bounce to begin ventures. Attempted and tried approach guarantees that we follow an anticipated, generally safe way to accomplish results. Our reputation is declaration to complex activities conveyed inside and levels before plan. Mastery: Our groups join bleeding edge innovation abilities with rich space aptitude. Whats similarly significant they share a solid client direction that implies they really start by tuning in to the client. Theyre concentrated on thinking of arrangements that serve client prerequisites today and envision future needs. A FULL SERVICE PORTFOLIO: They offer clients the benefit of having the option to Architect, incorporate and oversee innovation administrations. This implies they can depend on one, completely responsible source as opposed to attempting to incorporate different multi seller arrangements. Administrations: Xxx is offering its types of assistance to organizations which are in the field of creation, quality control and so forth with their rich mastery and experience and data innovation they are in best situation to give programming answers for unmistakable business prerequisites. 1.2 PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT The undertaking is completely incorporated with Customer Relationship Management (CRM) arrangement and created in a way that is effectively reasonable, efficient and diminishing one structure semi robotized. Essential human services conveys quality social insurance through creative administrations. Utilizing secure, electronic advancements gave by Medical Web, our doctors give counsel and treatment to an assortment of human services conditions. Our administrations include: Treatment of Non-new Conditions Emotional wellness Naturopathic Advice Remedies Doctor Advice Lab Interpretations The entirety of our administrations are given through the Internet in a safe and private way. A safe correspondence entry is set up between the patient and a Primary social insurance supplier to permit one-on-one cooperation. Doctors can talk about treatment choices with patients and patients can react. By building a confiding in relationship, Primary medicinal services can adequately give an immediate advantage to every single patient. 1.3 PROBLEM IN EXISTING SYSTEM The current framework is a manual framework. Here the User of the framework needs to spare his data as exceed expectations sheets or Disk Drives. There is no sharing is conceivable if the information is as paper or Disk drives. There is no online arrangement office. The manual framework gives us exceptionally less security for sparing information; a few information might be lost because of blunder. There is no rich UI. Its a constrained framework and less clients inviting. There is no email office. Looking of specific data is exceptionally basic it requires some investment. The clients can't ready to limit the data. There is no report age. Arrangement OF THESE PROBLEMS The advancement of the new framework objective is to address the answers for the disadvantages of existing issue space. Utilizing this new framework the patient can enroll for making on the web meeting with specialist. For cooperation among patient and specialist talking has given. By this office patient would visit with specialist. The improvement of this new framework contains the accompanying exercises, which attempt to computerize the whole procedure keeping in the perspective on database joining approach. Ease of use is given in the application different controls gave by framework Rich User Interface. This framework gives online arrangement office. The framework makes the general venture the executives a lot simpler and adaptable. It tends to be gotten to over the Intranet. It gives email office. The client data documents can be put away in brought together database which can be kept up by the framework. his can give the great security for client data since information isn't in customer machine. Validation is accommodated this application just enrolled clients can get to. It gives search office. There is no danger of information the executives at any level while the venture advancement is under procedure. Report age highlights is given to produce diverse sort of information reports. Framework ANALYSIS 2.1 INTRODUCTION Subsequent to investigating the prerequisites of the errand to be played out, the following stage is to break down the issue and comprehend its unique situation. The principal movement in the stage is examining the current framework and other is to comprehend the prerequisites and space of the new framework. Both the exercises are similarly significant, however the main action fills in as a premise of giving the useful determinations and afterward effective structure of the proposed framework. Understanding the properties and necessities of another framework is increasingly troublesome and requires innovative reasoning and comprehension of existing running framework is additionally troublesome, ill-advised comprehension of present framework can lead preoccupation from arrangement. 2.2 ANALYSIS MODEL SDLC METHDOLOGIES This archive assume an indispensable job in the improvement of life cycle (SDLC) as it depicts the total necessity of the framework. It implies for use by engineers and will be the fundamental during testing stage. Any progressions made to the necessities later on should experience formal change endorsement process. Winding MODEL was characterized by Barry Boehm in his 1988 article, â€Å"A winding Model of Software Development and Enhancement. This model was not the main model to talk about iterative turn of events, yet it was the principal model to clarify why the cycle models. As initially imagined, the emphasess were ordinarily a half year to 2 years in length. Each stage begins with a structure objective and finishes with a customer looking into the advancement up to this point. Investigation and designing endeavors are applied at each period of the task, with an eye around the ultimate objective of the venture. The means for Spiral Model can be summed up as follows: The new framework necessities are characterized in however much subtleties as could be expected. This typically includes meeting various clients speaking to all the outside or inner clients and different parts of the current framework. A starter configuration is made for the new framework. A first model of the new framework is built from the starter plan. This is normally a downsized framework, and speaks to an approxim

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Politics and Poverty Essay -- Essays on Politics

Governmental issues and Poverty Today there is a part in American governmental issues on the best way to battle neediness. From the beginning of time, how America battles neediness hosts changed relying upon what get-together is running the legislature. There hosts been various gatherings be that as it may, Republican, Democrat, The Bull Moose Party, and different ones. In any case, these perspectives can be placed into two fundamental classes: The Liberal belief system and the Conservative philosophy. There are three territories, which have wide and contrasting perspectives on the best way to battle destitution. Those three being, Welfare, Social Security, and Taxes. The accompanying contentions present how those alternate points of view influence the destitution issue in America today. Moderate Ideology Moderates for the most part go with the viewpoint that toning it down would be ideal. Most would favor the contention that less government activity is a superior methodology for society overall. Instead of advancing the possibility of social fairness, similar to the Liberal point of view, they advance social imbalance. Most might want little government guideline and intercession of economy. Preservationists have the huge business and stream down hypothesis, that despite the fact that the rich remain rich, their riches will in the end arrive at poor people and destitution stricken. Liberal Ideology Nonconformists normally have the point of view that the legislature should help the individuals significantly more than they do by and by, with more projects, for example, government assistance (and so on.). Dissidents for the most part concur that the administration ought to intercede, control, and advance the economy and guarantee decency in the public eye consistently. Government approaches are in fact required and vital for residents to satisfy their day by day needs. Most likewise concur with a free-advertise society, in any case, they stress the requirement for government strategies. Welf... ...Radio Address on the Economy. Democratic National Committee. Raul Grijalva. 26 Oct. 2002. Senate Republicans Back President's Welfare Reform Plan. United States Senate Republican Policy Committee. 18 June 2002. 8 Dec. 2002 <> Features of the Libertarian Party's 'Closure the Welfare State' Proposal. Libertarian Party: The Party of Principle. 1994-2001. 8 Dec. 2002. <> Who Gets Welfare? Feminist Majority Foundation. 1996. 8 Dec. 2002. < plan/government assistance/welfare.htm> Minister, Robert. Actualizing Welfare Reform and Restoring Marriage. Liberal Views on the Issues. Liberal Politics: U.S. What you have to think about. 8 Dec. 2002. <>

Friday, August 21, 2020

Writing an Outline For an Essay - A Great Way to Organize Your Thoughts

Writing an Outline For an Essay - A Great Way to Organize Your ThoughtsAn outline for an essay is used by most writers to organize their thoughts, or even to get the writing done quickly. By outlining, it gives structure to the information that you will be writing. It also makes it easier to scan the topic of your essay and find what is important to you, without making too many connections. You can also find a great deal of information on how to write an outline for an essay on the internet.In order to start writing an outline for an essay, it is best to have a general idea in mind of the topic. This can be in one article on how to move from point A to point B or in your college essay. Whatever the topic is, the outline should address all the parts of that topic in a clear and concise manner. It is not hard to find information online about outlines, but it is advisable to do some research before you go ahead and start writing it.When you are finished with your outline, you will find it very easy to get the ideas flowing and your thesis statement and body of work to flow nicely together. To do this, you will need to make sure that you incorporate a lot of different ideas and concepts. It will take you a while to make your outline and you may have difficulty at first figuring out where to begin. However, once you get the flow going, you will be well on your way to a successful article.When you use an outline for an essay, it is best to use something that is neutral. Avoid topics that will make it more difficult to relate to each other, such as religion, politics, and current events. These are subjects that tend to clash with each other. For example, a college essay might relate to, but not necessarily be related to, politics, religion, and current events.By using an outline for an essay, it becomes easier to organize your thoughts and ideas, something that a professional writer can do very easily. In the outline, you will also note any possible subtopics that you want to include. By using subtopics, it will help to separate your thoughts so that you can take a longer period of time to check in on them. By writing the outline for an essay, you will save yourself a lot of time, energy, and effort as you will already know where you want to take your project.One of the best things about using an outline for an essay is that it will help you to get some very useful information and keep your ideas organized and on task. Even if you have the best research out there, it may not help you if you have no idea where to begin. By writing your outline for an essay, you will be able to stay on task and not fall into a research rut.Writing an outline for an essay is a great way to get your ideas down on paper in a simple format. You can also use the outline to help your brain to filter out all the information that it needs to process, allowing you to find the key points much quicker. The great thing about using an outline for an essay is that you can have a clear and concise writing style that you like. By doing this, you will be able to write fast, organize your thoughts, and focus on the information that you need.Just because you are writing an essay does not mean that you should leave out important information. If you really want to write an effective and clear essay, using an outline for an essay is a good way to begin the process. Many students enjoy writing essays because it is easy to incorporate the necessary information into their pieces. A well-organized outline for an essay can help you accomplish your goal and help you become a better writer.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Cyber Bullying Is A Serious Problem - 1569 Words

Take a moment to think about how important technology is in our world today. Our generation depends solely on the internet, using it for social media, entertainment, and study purposes. What is behind the internet that we do not realize? Bullying comes in many different forms whether getting targeted on the playground, at work, or even on the internet. Bullying is a violent and harmful act. This violence has been around for as long as schools have been around, but bullying has increased elsewhere. The act of cyberbullying, which is bullying that takes place on any form of technology, is expanding abundantly, with â€Å"more than one out of every ten young people saying they have experienced cyberbullying† (â€Å"Social Media Bullying Has Become a Serious Problem.†). While certain precautions can be taken to in attempts to bypass this violence, the thought of avoiding cyberbullies is unattainable. When accessing any form of technology, online bullying cannot be averted d ue to the growth of technology, social expectations, and anonymity. There are many precautions that can be taken in attempts to avoid cyberbullying. Technology users of younger ages can be taught very valuable information, â€Å"[t]eaching kids to respect others and take a stand against bullying of all types† will help avoid bullying all together (â€Å"STOP Cyberbullying: Preventing Cyberbullying.†). What happens when respect is not being taught? Bullies will be unavoidable, since this is the case in our world today. Respect isShow MoreRelatedThe Internet and Cyberbullying Essay576 Words   |  3 PagesCyber Bullying Nowadays, the Internet is regarded as the most widely used source of social media and the fastest way to exchange knowledge and information all over the world, playing a vital role in everyone’s daily life. The internet has countless functions, useful for everyday work and entertainment, but it is being abused by people nowadays. One of the ways it is being abused is by cyber bullying. Cyber bullying is when people use the internet to make fun of others, belittle them, andRead MoreIs Bullying A Serious Problem?1683 Words   |  7 PagesHistory of the Problem Bullying has been an ongoing problem all over the world for as long as people can remember. Bullying by definition is, to use superior strength or influence to intimidate (someone), typically to force him or her to do what one wants. Bullying is a very serious problem, victims of bullying are more prone to depression. Bullying does not affect just one group, it can happen to anyone making it a prevalent threat to all of society. Approximately 160,000 teens skip school everyRead MoreCyber Bullying Is An Action Of Harassing Or Harming People Using Technology945 Words   |  4 PagesCyber bullying is an action of harassing or harming people using technology. It is increasing with the increasing technology. People of all ages are victims for this where majority of them are teenagers. It includes posting rumors or gossip about a person and insulting them or sometimes it may include morphing of their photos and posting them in social media networks to embarrass them. A victim can t cyber predict the cyber bully and is difficult to know that person. A cyber bully can be any unknownRead MoreEssay on Different Kinds of Bullying1017 Words   |  5 PagesBullying, in its many forms, is becoming an extremely hazardous problem that many individuals endure. Bullies torment others because they themselves have insecurities, have been bullied themselves, or have a mental illness that brings out the worst in them. Nevertheless, bullying can physically and emotionally destroy the victim, whether it is by physical abuse, cyber bullying, or verbal abuse. Nowadays, physical bullying is becoming a very serious and detrimental problem. Not only does physicalRead MoreResearch Paper-Bullying1614 Words   |  7 PagesBullying â€Å"Words will never hurt me† used to be just an expression, but now bullying has gotten so bad that words really do hurt, this is known as â€Å"bullicide†. Many children, teens, and even some adults are victims of physical, verbal, or cyber bullying. Bullying affects victims negatively and can sometimes lead to suicide. Children, parents, and teachers need to work to prevent and end bullying. Bullying is a serious issue that has numerous causes and effects that can sometimes be life changingRead MoreBullying Effects900 Words   |  4 PagesCauses and Effects of Bullying Every year, approximately 7 percent of students report to being bullied (â€Å"Physical†). Most people know bullying is wrong, but it continues to play a dominating role in the lives of adolescents. Whether the bullying was done by spreading rumors, calling someone names or through the Internet, there are many different causes of bullying, why it occurs, and how it effects the victim. The causes of bullying can influence how the bully decides to target a victim. VictimsRead MoreCyber Bullying Essay1114 Words   |  5 Pagesmany social issues that need to be addressed but cyber bullying has affected everyone. Cyber bullying is intentional and repeated inflicting harm through the use of electronic devices such as computers and mobile phones. In order to first reduce or end the negative outcomes of cyber bullying it must first be considered a social issue. Cyber bullying affects everyone as a whole nation not just as a individual. Grounds for the claim is that cyber bullying is becoming more dangerous for students and parentsRead MoreCyber Bullying1455 Words   |  6 PagesRunning head: Bullying Issues 1 Bullying Issues: Cyber bullying vs. Traditional Bulllying Horache Allen Compostion1 Jan 29, 2013 Bullying Issues 2 Bullying Issues: Cyber Bullying vs. Traditional Bullying Are you a victim of cyber bullying? Or were you theRead MoreCyber Bullying And Its Effects1411 Words   |  6 PagesStudies indicate that cyber-bullying incidents have quadrupled in past five years (Ross). Cyber-bullying has become a huge issue recently. Every time you turn on the news there is another bullying, or a suicide related to bullying, incident being reported. â€Å"Love is louder† has been a common phrase among celebrities and influential figures lately. They are trying to send out a message to their followers saying that bullying is not right and should not be tolerated. The expansion of communication technologiesRead MoreEfforts to Fight Cyber Bullying1182 Words   |  5 Pagesthat mimic its treacherous definitional predecessors. The click of a mouse has cause youthful individuals to commit suicide and live lifestyles that are indulged in depression. Cyber bullying is a fairly new type of violence and this is why it is so hard to counter. One of the most prominent forms of counter-cyber bullying that the United States implements is through legislations, which have resulted in mixed results. Psychologist and Sociologist agree that the negative reinforcement approach doesn’t

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Outsider Phenomenon In Franz Kafkas The Metamorphosis

Bradley Duggan Mrs. Murray English II-2 Due 10/03/17 The Outsider Phenomenon In life, it is a universal reality that there will be those in society who are not accepted as others are. This can be due to race, intelligence, personality, beliefs, and an infinite amount of other reasons. Individuals such as these are known by many monikers: outsiders, outcasts, pariahs, strangers, aliens, and more. All these terms describe vaguely the same type of being; one who, for whatever reason, is not accepted in normal society. However, these outsiders are not worthless, pitiful mistakes who deserve to be cast out of life the way they have. These individuals are misjudged by others who do not or can not, understand them. Overall, outsiders are†¦show more content†¦Another example of a misjudged outsider in literature is Severus Snape from the iconic Harry Potter series of novels by J.K. Rowling. Throughout the series, Snape is seen as a villain with ill intent by the protagonists. However, it is not until the final book of the series, Harry Potter and t he Deathly Hallows, that his true motivations are revealed. Snape was, in fact, one of the main heroes of the entire series. Everything he did was done in order to protect Harry, as Snape was in love with Harry’s mother. Yet, due to his persona, Harry and his band of misfits misjudge Snape as an evil, spiteful man, and cast him off. Another example of a misjudged outsider turned hero in literature is Arthur ‘Boo’ Radley, of Harper Lee’s infamous To Kill A Mockingbird. Throughout the novel, Boo is seen as a kind of mythical boogeyman. This is until Boo saves the main characters from a drunken assailant, and probable death. Boo, who likely had a mental disorder, became an outsider due to most individuals misjudging him as a monster when this could not have been further from the truth. All in all, there are numerous examples of characters being misjudged and turned into social pariahs in literature. However, the phenomenon of misjudged outsiders is unfortunately not limited to the world of fiction

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Animal Testing Should Be Made A Better Society For People

Animal testing has many advantages that have made a better society for people. Animal testing can be defined as, â€Å"the use of non-human animals in research and development projects, esp. for purposes of determining the safety of substances such as foods or drugs† (â€Å"Dictionary 1†). Animal testing is literally how it sounds to others. Animals are being tested on in order to try different products made by scientists in order to better the society. One advantage of animal testing is that animal testing has contributed to many life-saving cures and treatments. The California Biomedical Research Association states that almost every medical breakthrough in the last century has directly resulted from the use of animals. Insulin was discovered with a lot of different experiments in which dogs had their pancreases removed from their body. This was critical because it began to save people from having diabetes. Animal research has also played a role in major advances of understanding and treating conditions such as breast cancer, brain injury, malaria and tuberculosis. The Director of the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center s Animal Research Facility, Chris Abee, states that we would not have a vaccine for hepatitis B without chimpanzees, and says that the use of chimps is our best hope for finding a vaccine for Hepatitis C, which is a disease that kills 15,000 people every year in the United States (Animal Testing 1). Some of the animals that are tested in labsShow MoreRelatedAnimal Testing: The Future of Pharmaceuticals Essay1237 Words   |  5 Pagespoisons, through animal testing, they have been donned to be unsafe for people and environment. Without animal testing, the general public would still be using these hazardous chemicals. Many humanitarians may be opposed to testing chemicals on animals, but if scientists didn’t test on animals, individuals would have to test the deadly chemicals or live in a world where people don’t know if the chemicals they are using are poisonous and lethal to the human society. Animal testing may be wrong inRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Not Be Banned1547 Words   |  7 PagesHumane Society estimates thousands of animal deaths a year in the United States alone that are caused by cosmetic animal testing. Animals typically used in this specific type of testing are guinea pigs, rats, mice, and rabbits. Today, we have technology that can replace j obs yet, we still use primitive procedures that no longer cater the best to our current society. Cosmetic animal testing is not only harmful but it is also ineffective Animal testing is unethical and unnecessary, cruel and should noRead MoreAnimal Testing : Cosmetic Manufacturers1375 Words   |  6 PagesMany products that we use on a daily routine have been part of animal testing. Throughout the years this has become a problem that millions of people have been raising awareness for and trying to find a solution to end this cruel act. But is this enough? One of the most notorious users of animal testing is cosmetic manufacturers. Throughout the year s many cosmetic companies have been trying to transition into using cruelty-free products. For example, Marla Donato from the Chicago Tribune statesRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be Banned1364 Words   |  6 Pagestherapy on the market, many people do not think about how products are formulated for their safety and benefit. Using anima ls for these experimentations usually does not come to mind. Animals are often abused, suffer, and even die during laboratory testing for the benefits of people to make sure medications, household products, newest procedures, and cosmetics are safe and effective for human use. Humans have benefited from animal testing for years while these animals suffer consequences with noRead MoreAnimal Experimentation Should Be Abolished1211 Words   |  5 PagesAnimal experimentation is used across the world to develop new medicines and to test the safety of other products. The history of animal experimentation dates back to the ancient times when scientists made use of animals principally to satisfy anatomical curiosity. They would examine sensory and motors nerves to gain a deeper understanding of their functions. The testing of these animals is not a widespread topic that we are talking about in today’s society. We seem to have just accepted the factRead MoreAnimal Experimentation : The End Of Animal Testing1118 Words   |  5 PagesThe experimentation of animals has been used for a multitude of years for research to advance a scientific understanding of a living organism. To this day animals are being tested on for the use of human products. In 3D-printing human skin: The end of animal testing? by Jessica Mendoza, Speculative Philosophy, the Troubled Middle, and the Ethics of Animal Experimentation by Strachan Donnelley, â€Å"Animals and Medical Science: A Vision of a New Era† by David O. Wiebers, Cruelty-free cosmetics benefitRead MoreSay No to Animal Testing1436 Words   |  6 PagesI. Every year, over 100 million animals sit in U.S laboratories waiting to be burned, crippled, poisoned and abused (â€Å"11 Facts about Animal Testing† par.1). a. Animals deserve the same security and wellbeing as humans and therefore should not be subjected to that kind of neglect and abuse. b. Animals that are a part of some kind of new medication research rarely make it out alive. In fact, 92% of experimental drugs that are safe and effective in animals fail in human clinical trials because theyRead MoreAnimal Experimentation Essay1044 Words   |  5 PagesAnimals suffer just as people do. In 2009 animal experimentation was the cause of over 1.13 million animals, excluding small rodents, suffering in U.S. Laboratories (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). Animal experimentation is unethical, unnecessary and expensive; alternative methods of testing should be utilized. It is unethical to use the cruel methods of animal experimentation for our own benefit alone. The animals used in research range from birdsRead MoreHow Do The Contributions Of Animal Testing To Global Medical1309 Words   |  6 Pagescontributions of animal testing to global medical science justify whether or not it should be banned? According to the Humane Society International (HSI), animal testing or animal experimentation for medical research refers to the experimentation on live animals for the purposes of investigation on diseases, medical treatments, or fundamental biology. Charles Gross, a former member of the History of Neuroscience committee of the global Society for Neuroscience, states that animals were used for improvingRead MoreAnimal Experimentation And The Early Greek Era1716 Words   |  7 PagesYuritza Vargas-Gomez Ms. Thomas ENC 1101 9 November 2015 Animal Experimentation: We Owe It to Them Animal Experimentation has been dated as far back as to the Early Greek Era. This practice has been viewed as ethical by research scientists trying to find new medical breakthroughs. Yet, in recent years, the use of animals in research and experimentation has been frowned upon by animal protection groups and animal rights activists. Animals are protected by certain guidelines and ethics prior to their

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Business and Corporate Aviation Method †

Question: Discuss about the Business and Corporate Aviation Management. Answer: Introduction: The electrical power system is normally confined to lower rated and also the control system. Initially, the airframes made use of 115 Voltage AC at a frequency of 400 Hz to supply the greater loads. The system was built with the rectifiers known as Transformers Rectifiers Units (true). These are some of the characteristics of the electrical power generation in aircraft. In electrical power generation employs the use of alternators which uses the rotating magnetic field to help generate electric power. The alternators create electromagnet. This type of generation also employs the use the diodes which are used to rectify the alternating power from the alternator. This rectification is highly important in the aircraft since most of the component in the aircraft uses the DC power, but in the alternator, it is AC which is generated. The power generated is sometimes stored by the help of the batteries to help avoid wastage of electrical power. The electrical power generated to be used in the aircraft is made true by the help of the rotating parts (mechanical) parts which hence rotate and help generate electrical power. The efficiency electrical power is relatively lower as compared to the mechanical power and fluid power. Generation of electrical power is purely by the use of chemical energy where there are some electrochemical reactions taking place to help dislodge electrons and hence flow of electrons. Electrical power generation used in aircraft also makes good use of inductors which are cut by the electromagnetic rod. The interaction of the electromagnetic rod and the inductors help in generation of electrical (theory based on the faradays law). Energy is generated mechanically from the GT core; the energy is converted in the process of traditional GT system(Calse, 2014). Mechanical offtake from the spinning engine spool in the aircraft and all other moving parts which are employed to help in the creation of power. This power can be used to drive several auxiliary loads which constitute hydraulic and electrical generator. Even though mechanical power is not the sole source of the power used in the aircraft, the power generated mechanically from the GT spools has highly increased. The below are some characteristics of the mechanical power generation. Mechanical power generation fully makes use of kinetic energy to help generate electrical power ( the rotating parts) This type of power generation copes power to realize any task which involves forces and movement. In other words, mechanical power generation majorly deals with forces. This type of power generation of power in an aircraft also involves the use of machines and related engines which cause movement which is used to make the parts of the aircraft to move. This type constitutes actuators which create movements and force which rotates the rotors part in the aircraft. Mechanical involves crank shafts and movements of pistons which reciprocate in the cylinder to create mechanical power. This system also has the rotating pulley which is employed to generate power used in aircraft. All components in mechanical power generation are a solid state which just rotates hence their power efficiency is relatively high because power losses are reduced. And this is improved when the frictions which may occur is fully reduced. Fluid power is also known as the fluid power which is power transferred by the help of the organized circulation of fluid under high pressure in an aircraft. These are some of the properties of the fluid power generation, the fluid used in the aircraft is usually water-glycol mixture or water soluble oil(Fallucco, 2013). This fluid is supplied to the motor which is then converted into a mechanical output used to do work on load or even to rotate the turbine for some cases. The fluid power system is more flexible than the mechanical and electrical methods of power generation, and it can generate more than such system of the same size. Fluid systems also give a rapid and accurate responses to the controls. For this reason, fluid power systems are extensively employed in modern aircraft. This power is distributed in the aircraft thru doubled networks, the loads subjected to this method of power generation may include the rudders, ailerons, and elevators which are all grouped as the primary loads(Frazier, 2012). And secondary loads which constitute flaps, slats, airbrake, spoilers and the engine component actuation. Actuators of the fluid system have a high ratio between forces to weight. Nevertheless, their distribution is system has more weight. The hydraulic pipes alone is having about 800 kg. The maintenance of this system is also very expensive since avoidance of leakage is very essential and also the fluids are corrosive and flammable(Helmreich, 2012). The fluid pumps are always driven by mechanical means through the offtake from the variable speed GT spool, the pump is needed to give hydraulic pressure across all speed ranges and will draw energy from the engine even when the actuation is not needed. Even though an electrical power distribution system in the aircraft is lighter than the correspondent fluid power system, the ratio of the power to weight for an electrical power system is much lower than fluid actuators(Hillson, 2016). With the increased fluid pressure of the present airframes of about 500psi for Boeing 787 and also the high efficiency of 85% which is almost to the efficiency of transformers. But still, this fluid power system offers an advantageous power density more than the equivalent electrical power. The ancient fluid systems were controlled by switches of the fluid valves which were employed to control the flow of the hydraulic being driven by a central, regularly driven pump. But nowadays these fluid systems are controlled by some types of actuators known as the conventional linear Actuators (CLA) and some smart fluid sensing actuators which help in sensing and controlling the fluid valve to improve the performance. The figure below shows Distributed Hydrauli c Actuator system diagram The efficiency of pump used in the fluid is very high since it is only driven when the actuation is needed Electro Hydraulic Actuator are in a range of aircraft which includes the flight control operation surface actuation(John, 2015). The figure below shows Electro Hydrostatic Actuator system diagram Electro Mechanical Actuators (EMA) too gives the ability to regenerate onto the electrical bus, though it is not presently permitted. The figure below shows EMA system. Hence in the above types of power generation used in the aircraft, fluid power generation employs mostly the use of flowing liquid to help rotate parts including the turbine which helps to create power. The fluid power generation system uses a lot of pressure pump which helps to push the fluid to the required destination. For the fluid generations, the path in which the fluid is made relatively small so that the speed of the fluid becomes higher hence higher pressure. Mechanical power generation as seen above exclusively uses machines which are rotating and moving through reciprocating movement like the pistons, this help in generation of mechanical power which is highly important in the aircraft. Electrical power makes use of the reaction of chemicals which in deed help in the generation of electrical power. The power generated in electrical can be stored in batteries of the aircraft to help avoid losses and wastage; the energy can be used in lighting among other uses. The efficiency in mechanical is the best followed by fluid and lastly the electrical power. Generated fluid power is transported in the fluid which those of the mechanical are transported fluid and electrical is transported with the help of wires from the point of generation to the point of application. Mechanical power can be used to crate fluid power is then used to rotate rotor parts of aircraft. In the designing of the aircraft power distribution system safety is very paramount and is highly given the care to ensure that accidents which may arise are highly reduced in the aircraft. In the design of the power distribution in the aircraft, we shall capture the prominent characteristics of the optimization of the problem formulation and solution in the power distribution(Poynor, 2015). This design will include an impute filter which is followed by regulated buck converter which is DC- DC converter. The diagram below shows a buck converter The power provided by the aircraft power bus is presumed to be a rigid DC source of Vg=270V. The buck converter is typical of the several power converters usually used in aircraft power system. For the input shown in the figure above, the design variable will comprise the resistors Rd, capacitors C1 and C2, the design also include the three components of inductors. The inductors are presumed to be using typical EE cores. These are defined by set of geometric as shown in the figure below; The values K1 and K2 sown in the figure above are taken to be put, and they signify the ratio of the middle leg and the window correspondingly. From the figure, the bobbin is put in the middle leg of the core(Robert Buck, 2012). The bobbin which has the windings is located around the epicenter leg before the fastened together of the two halves of the EE inductors. The following equation shows inductors L employed as a function the aforementioned physical variables The full set of the input filter in this design is given below, and the variables given include constraints which are related to the windings and wire size and geometry too. Entire weight is the summation of the of the weight of the inductors, resistors, and capacitors which are depicted by the equation below(Ruppert, 2013); The weight of the inductor only is obtained by as the addition of the weight of the copper applied and ferrite used in the windings and the core respectively. This is depicted by the equation below; WL = We +Wcu Where WL = is the total weight of the inductor Wfe= is the weight of the ferrite Wcu= is the weight of cupper The table below shows the design Variables for the Input Filter From the figure above, the weight of copper can be obtained by use of the equation below; And the path of the magnet is given as below; The weight of the capacitors used is estimated as the function of the energy stored in it, and this is given by the below expression(Sheehan, 2016). The constant c was empirically got from the manufacture data sheet which made the design of the electrical power distribution. And lastly, the weight of the resistor which will be used in the design is estimated as a function of the energy dissipated and is obtained mathematically as The measurement of the inductors used in the design must be in a way that optimum acceptable saturation flux density for the ferrite core material BSP = 0.35 T., And this should not be exceeded to help to prevent the inductors core from becoming more saturated(Stephen, 2011). The optimum flux density is obtained as a ratio of optimum flux to cross section area of the middle leg. The specifications givens like the size of the inductors, area of the capacitors, the magnitude of the resistors and the allowance in the inductors make it easy from the design to come up with a good distribution system of electrical power in an aircraft. These specifications should be adhered to and done with care since in the aircraft electrical faults should be reduced since if an accident occur which result to fire or increase in temperature the plane may catch which in turn lead to the fatal accident of the aircraft. The appearance of closed-loop hydraulic systems in the engineering industry was to facilitate those industries requiring extremely high performance. This lead to the use of the hydraulic servo system to be implemented in machine-tool industry. Up to date, they are still being used in these industries for their high performing ability. Recently, the servo system has been gaining a wide application in more varieties of industries(Kern, 2011). These recent industrial applications have been made in automotive testing, material handling, and mining industries. Thereby, the closed-loop servo hydraulic system has increased in its use in and has become a normality in the machine automation industry. The machine automation allows precision, quicker operation, and even simpler adjustment. Other than that, machine automation has enabled the containment of price of machines within acceptable limits. Technology Comparison The servo systems are compared in the light of day to determine the best and highly performing system. The comparison of performance is contested by the electro-pneumatic system and the electro-mechanical servo systems. To come up with high performing actuation system, some major characteristics have to be tested on each system. These compared characteristics are the bandwidth frequency response, resolution and stiffness. They are to be wide, low and stiff respectively to surpass the effective performance required. In aerospace technology, there are some included characteristics that come in mind(Calse, 2014). These are the duty cycle and size and weight minimization. Which are summarized into the following. Cost Weight and size Environment Customer performance Duty cycle Considering all these characteristics required, the electro-hydraulic servo system turns out to be the best in its application in aerospace technology. This is due to the design ability of electro-hydraulic servo system to perform almost all the tasks that have come in place(Kern, 2011). However, the use of electro-pneumatic and electro-mechanical servos is proving to be cheaper in cost than the electro-hydraulic servo systems. This is only so in the range of range of low performance. In the high dynamic response and high power levels, the cost fastly depreciates in these servo systems. Electro-hydraulic servo systems Electro-hydraulic servo systems have some major advantages that they pose in the aerospace industry. They are; Better stiffness characteristics. Wearing rate is low. Simpler and precise work table position control. Faster response to speed and direction control. Among the electro-hydraulic concept, this article discusses the electro-hydraulic actuation (EHA). EHA consists of an electric motor, low displacement pump with low speed; it uses an accumulator and a cylinder as a tank. There is also the need of additional functions, for example, by-pass dumper with safety facilities. To reduce weight, cooler is eliminated but risks EHA failure. This leads to loses. Considering overall efficiency speed control is more important than displacement control. More importantly in ranges of power up to 50% maximum power. However, pump speed control is limited by flow pulsations amplitude leading to special pump design with inner gear concept(Sheehan, 2016). Electro-hydraulic servo configuration The servos output is connected to the transducer to convert it to an electric signal with feedback signal being compared with the command signal. The error that exists is amplified using a regulator and electric power amplifier and input in the control signal going into servo valve. Fluid flowing into the actuator is controlled by servo valve proportioning it to drive current from the power amplifier. The load is then forced to move by the actuator(Poynor, 2015). A signal error is caused by command signal change that makes the load move to prevent the error. A high amplifier gain rapidly and more accurately varies on the command signal. The load can move due to external disturbances. To prevent this, the actuator input is put in opposite direction providing finite error system which is minimized during high amplifier gain. However, the gain has limitations due to stability considerations(Helmreich, 2012). The dynamic pressure feedback is applicable as at low frequencies it works as position feedback. Advantages of Electro-hydraulic system Speed the actuator speed can be realized by various invented methods. These methods include; large pump fitting, use of hydraulic accumulators or use of integral spring pack. These EHA have a manufacturing ability to move valves that require a thrust of up to 900 kg to a distance of 60mm in a duration of 45 ms. The actuator speed, therefore, varies to a great degree even independent of the load or the torque applied. This is contrary to the electro-mechanical devices where the greater the load, the slower the variation of speed(Sheehan, 2016). Accuracy the EHA has a positional accuracy of around 5 microns. This issue to the accurate position control from the hydraulic with almost incompressible hydraulic oil. Generated forces due to the use of almost incompressible oil, there is a reduction in the size of the component for generating great amounts of force. Ultra low power EHA efficiently convert electrical power into useful work with the fitting of a low power position controller. Disadvantages of EHA Any allowable tolerance will lead to higher cost of hydraulic components. With the use of hydraulic fluid, there is upper-temperature limit imposed Conclusion The electrohydraulic systems have high efficiency. The efficiency is applicable in the conversion of electrical energy into useful work(Calse, 2014). The conversion is done to become a linear thrust output or a torque output with high flexibility. The electro-hydraulic systems can be made from a huge range of components evident for actuator formation. Therefore a range of equipment easily meet the standard needed and the special applications. References Billings, C. E. (2012). Aviation automation: the search for a human-centered approach. New Jasey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. Calse, D. (2014). Blast Damage to Air Cleaning Devices (Filter Tests). Tokyo: Western Press. Ean, N. (2013). Rotary Wing Flight. New York: Aviation Supplies Academics. Fallucco, S. J. (2013). Aircraft command techniques: gaining leadership skills to fly the left seat. Delhi: Ashgate. Frazier, D. A. (2012). Training and Instruction. Hull: McGraw-Hill Professional. Helmreich, R. L. (2012). Crew Resource Management. Delhi : Academic Press. Hillson, D. (2016). The Risk Management Handbook in Aviation. Hull: Kogan Page. John, T. (2015). Foundations of Professional Airmanship and Flight Discipline. Chicago: Convergent Performance, LLC. Kern, T. (2011). Flight Discipline. London: McGraw-Hill Professional. Machado, R. (2015). Rod Machado's Instrument Pilot's Handbook. London: Aviation Speakers Bureau. Nagel, D. C. (2015). Human Factors in Aviation. Beijing: Gulf Professional Publishing. Perrow, C. (2011). Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies. Chicago: Princeton University Press. Poynor, P. J. (2015). Air Carrier Operations. Chicago: Aviation Supplies Academics. Robert Buck, R. O. (2012). Weather Flying, Fifth Edition. Washington DC: McGraw Hill Professional. Ruppert, M. C. (2013). The Decline of the American Aviation . Amsterdam: New Society Publishers. Sheehan, J. (2016). Business and Corporate Aviation Management, Second Edition. Leicester: McGraw Hill Professional. Stephen, L. (2011). The Playground of Europe in Aviation. Hull: Longmans, Green, and Company.